Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic disease that currently has no cure. However, it can be managed with proper treatment and care. The goal of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood sugar levels before and after meals within a healthy range. By doing so, you will feel better on a daily basis and will help prevent or delay the complications of diabetes. Talk to your doctor about what a healthy blood sugar range is for you.
Type 2 Diabetes occurs when your body has a lack of insulin or a resistance to insulin. Glucose comes from the breakdown of food. It is the body's energy source. It can be absorbed from the blood into the cells with the help of a hormone called insulin. Without insulin, glucose will build up in the blood and cause hyperglycemia. At the same time, your body's cells are starved for glucose (energy). In type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to high levels of insulin. There is plenty of insulin in the body, but the cells are unable to use it.
Gestational Diabetes occurs when diabetes appears during pregnancy. The extra glucose in the blood can cross to the baby and cause problems for both the mother and child.
Click on the links above for more information about each form of diabetes.